The Most Important Question: Mind, Body, Spirit

BIG IDEA: What is the connection between the mind, body, and spirit of a person? Jesus shows that he has authority over each and that he has come to take the brokenness of each upon himself to bring healing and freedom to the whole human person.

SERIES: The Most Important Question Ever Asked – A Study in the Gospel According to Mark: John Mark, a traveling companion of the Apostle Peter, wrote this gospel. We trust his writing because of that tie to Peter, an Apostle of Christ. He writes this gospel by taking down Peter’s account of Christ. It’s written likely because the Apostles were aging and their stories needed to be told for the coming generations. These are essentially the memoirs of Peter written to a group of Christians in Rome, and it’s written with a sense of urgency. Jesus came to accomplish a mission and to do so with a remarkable sense of urgency. Throughout the entirety of the gospel, there is the most important question ever asked: Who do you say Jesus is? Fist gospel written.

SCRIPTURE: Mark 1:21-45

21 And they went into Capernaum, and immediately on the Sabbath he entered the synagogue and was teaching. 22 And they were astonished at his teaching, for he taught them as one who had authority, and not as the scribes. 23 And immediately there was in their synagogue a man with an unclean spirit. And he cried out, 24 “What have you to do with us, Jesus of Nazareth? Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are—the Holy One of God.” 25 But Jesus rebuked him, saying, “Be silent, and come out of him!” 26 And the unclean spirit, convulsing him and scrying out with a loud voice, came out of him. 27 And they were all amazed, so that they questioned among themselves, saying, “What is this? A new teaching with authority! He commands even the unclean spirits, and they obey him.” 28 And at once his fame spread everywhere throughout all the surrounding region of Galilee.

29 And immediately he left the synagogue and entered the house of Simon and Andrew, with James and John. 30 Now Simon’s mother-in-law lay ill with a fever, and immediately they told him about her. 31 And he came and took her by the hand and lifted her up, and the fever left her, and she began to serve them.

32 That evening at sundown they brought to him all who were sick or oppressed by demons. 33 And the whole city was gathered together at the door. 34 And he healed many who were sick with various diseases, and cast out many demons. And he would not permit the demons to speak, because they knew him.

35 And rising very early in the morning, while it was still dark, he departed and went out to a desolate place, and there he prayed. 36 And Simon and those who were with him searched for him, 37 and they found him and said to him, “Everyone is looking for you.” 38 And he said to them, “Let us go on to the next towns, that I may preach there also, for that is why I came out.” 39 And he went throughout all Galilee, preaching in their synagogues and casting out demons.

40 And a leper came to him, imploring him, and kneeling said to him, “If you will, you can make me clean.” 41 Moved with pity, he stretched out his hand and touched him and said to him, “I will; be clean.” 42 And immediately the leprosy left him, and he was made clean. 43 And Jesus sternly charged him and sent him away at once, 44 and said to him, “See that you say nothing to anyone, but go, show yourself to the priest and offer for your cleansing what Moses commanded, for a proof to them.” 45 But he went out and began to talk freely about it, and to spread the news, so that Jesus could no longer openly enter a town, but was out in desolate places, and people were coming to him from every quarter.


  • Jesus has authority over the three main institutions that hold sway over people’s lives: Religion, Spiritual World, Human Biology/Medicine.
    • Religion (v. 21-22): Jesus has power over even religion itself. He spoke as though he himself were the text. He didn’t just interpret the scriptures, he spoke as though he were God himself, writing new scripture. Jesus’ authority transcended the religion of his day and the present day.
      • Religion isn’t evil: we are a religious people, and we crave structure in this way. But religion itself isn’t God, it’s a way for us to find God. It’s not the end. Jesus is the point of religion.
    • Spiritual World (v. 23-26): Jesus has power over the spiritual world. There is evil in this world, and it takes many forms. One of those forms is unclean spirits that exist in the spiritual realm. This is a real thing. We in the Western world, don’t often acknowledge it’s existence, but the spiritual world is active and alive with spiritual beings. Jesus has power and authority over all of them.
      • Unclean Spirits have power: Christ is more powerful than they, but we cannot forget that they do, indeed, have power.
    • Human Biology/Medicine (v. 29-31): Medicine is in many ways the god of the 21st That’s not to say that it’s bad or evil because it’s not. Medicine is part of how we experience God’s grace towards us. But Jesus still has authority over it and the human body.
      • Biological Healing: When Jesus heals, he doesn’t just put a bandaid on a medical problem. It’s actual, deep, biological healing.
      • Worshipping Medicine: It makes sense for those who don’t believe to worship medicine because it addresses our deepest fear: death. As a Christian, however, you must learn to lead by example and show that we don’t worship someone who can just prolong life, holding death at arm’s length for a little while, instead we worship one who has completely conquered death. We know the answer to death itself.

 Our Response

  • Mind, Body, Spirit: Or, in other words, religion, spiritual world, medicine. Jesus has authority over all of the above.
  • It’s all connected: If you’re experiencing poor physical health, check up on your mental health and your spiritual health. If you’re experiencing poor mental health, check up on your physical and spiritual health. If you’re experiencing poor spiritual health, check up on your mental and physical health.
  • Have you come under Jesus’ authority over your mind, body, and spirit?

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